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What are refined grains?

What are refined grains?

Refined grains are grains that used to be whole

Refined grains were once whole grains but have been processed to remove two parts:

  • Bran – The outer, protective layer of the grain kernel.
  • Germ – The innermost part of the grain kernel.

The bran and germ contain important nutrients that have now also been removed:

  • Fiber
  • B vitamins and Vitamin E
  • Antioxidants
  • Minerals such as iron, zinc, copper and magnesium

Refined grains contain only one part of an original whole grain…the endosperm.

  • Endosperm – The middle part made of mostly starchy carbohydrates

Grains are refined to create a smoother texture and increase the shelf life of the product. Examples include white bread, white rice, pastries and other baked goods, and many crackers.

Source:
www.mypyramid.gov



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